Wayne, how do you compare today’s situation, in the airline industry, to 2008?

The incredibly interesting thing about both of these is that they built up over a number of weeks. In fact, 2008 took even a bit longer. There’s this sense that something’s coming. In the beginning, we were getting assurances of, don’t worry, it will go away. That’s usually what political leaders try to tell the general population, or otherwise, we’re too worried about too many things. But really what happened in 2008 was, there was this moment when Lehman Brothers went over, back in about August. When that happened, there was an immediate, impending fear that went through the community. We all started to feel, my god, are we really looking at a total collapse of the financial system and is this the verge of the Great Depression, again? We were all very, very worried.

I remember sitting around the board table, at Etihad, thinking what are we really dealing with here? Fortunately, in that situation, we were in Abu Dhabi, which is one of the most oil-rich countries of the world, prices had spiked, we knew the government had money and we knew we’d get through it. From a personal point of view, it was a very terrifying situation, as well.

We also had a tremendous amount of aircraft on order. As the chief of strategy and planning, where I looked after fleet, network revenue management and a lot of the issues that involved, my concern was, what am I going to do now? You immediately go from the big issue to, how do I make the business work and minimize the damage and, actually, try to look for some opportunity.

Just looking at demand, can you give me a sense of how executives were looking at demand and the evolution of consumer behavior and demand, in the boardroom, in 2008/2009?

What you’re really dealing with there is one of the most important things of all and that’s staying on top of your data. Companies that are really good at being data intensive, analytical quickly, and not getting immersed in the data – the old question about paralysis by analysis – but instead, understanding it, working out where you are and doing something, is super critical. Companies that immediately go to the data, get a conclusion and work their way through it. People who don’t look at data and just sit around, get into terrible trouble, very quickly. Once you get into trouble, it takes a lot longer to get out of it than you think.

How did you look at demand, coming out of 2008/2009 and how would you compare that to the situation today, for both business and leisure travel?

Then, it was better, because it didn’t stop. Now, it’s stopped and hardly anybody operates anything at all. It’s just completely finished and you’ve got virtually nothing operating. Back in 2008, we could see demand collapsing and there were certain routes that held up better than others. The trick was to – when you run a network airline, with a big hub and spoke – look at what is the traffic that is surviving and you move the capacity to it and really focus on it. The place where capacity is failing, you take it away from it.

If I go back to an earlier example, which was 9/11, which happened in later 2001 and ran through to 2002, and I ran a travel company. I was fortunate that I’d invested in an intensive data management system. I could see, literally within two days, demand had moved away from people going from England to the United States and had moved enormously to the United Kingdom going to Europe. I shifted our whole sales and marketing program to that market and that’s how we survived. I always go back to data. You must look at the data and look at the revenue and compare it against your cost.

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